Utility Bills 101: Tips, Average Costs, Fees, and More

Unless you live off the grid, most utilities—like electricity, gas, water, garbage, internet, and cable—are going to periodically cost you a buck or two. In fact, the rule of thumb for apartment dwellers is to budget at least $200 per month for utilities.1

Considering the average consumer will spend 7% of their annual income on energy,2 it’s important to know where all of that money’s going.

Let’s take a look at what you should be paying for your utilities—and we’ll show you how you can trim your energy costs along the way.

Average Internet and Utility Bill
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Whether you’re moving in or moving out, avoiding a high utility bill is as easy as avoiding these 10 US states with the highest average cost of utilities per month. (And maybe moving to one of the 10 states with the lowest average cost of utilities instead?)

Heating and cooling: Why is it the biggest utility expense?

According to the US Department of Energy, the typical US family spends at least $2,200 per year on energy bills3—with nearly half of that paying for heating and cooling.4

This might seem like a large chunk of change, but these costs all depend on where you live, the size of your house or apartment, and (most importantly) whether you make smart decisions about conserving energy.

A bigger house often means a bigger bill

Let’s start with size. For apartments, the median size in multifamily units is 1,074 square feet.5 A smaller apartment—if it has modern windows and is properly insulated—will cost less than a large home to keep warm during the winter and cool in the summer.

In terms of houses, according to the American Enterprise Institute, today’s new homes, at an average of 2,690 square feet, boast more than double the living space per person than homes in 1973.6

Coupled with greater energy efficiency than their earlier counterparts, however, new homes are going to be less expensive per square foot to heat and cool than in previous decades.7

How to save on heating and cooling your home

The US Department of Energy offers online tips for saving energy and therefore money, but there’s one tip that jumps out to us above the rest—keep an eye on your thermostat.

Upgrade to a smart thermostat

Switching from a conventional thermostat to a smart thermostat can save you 10–12% on heating and up to 15% on cooling.8

Over time, smart thermostats adapt to your temperature preferences and automatically adjust their settings to keep you comfortable when you’re home and save energy while you’re away.

Best smart thermostats

ProductNest Learning ThermostatEcobee4 Alexa-Enabled Thermostat with SensorHoneywell Smart Wi-Fi 7 Day Programmable Thermostat
Where to buyBuy on AmazonBuy on AmazonBuy on Amazon
Where to buy
Nest Learning Thermostat Ecobee4 Alexa-Enabled Thermostat with Sensor Honeywell Smart Wi-Fi 7 Day Programmable Thermostat
Buy on Amazon Buy on Amazon Buy on Amazon

Electricity: What’s the cost of keeping the lights (and fridge) on?

If your average electric bill seems higher than ever before, that’s because it is! In 2017, the average price per kilowatt-hour (kWh—the unit of measurement for electricity) for the residential US was 12.90 cents, according to the US Energy Information Administration.9 At the start of 2001, the price of electricity was only 8.58 cents per kWh.10

How does that translate into how much you’ll need to pay per month? It depends on where you live. Some states fare better than others—Louisiana being the most affordable state to power your home in and Hawaii being the priciest.

Some appliances and electronics use more power than others

It may come as no surprise that running an electric clothes dryer uses more kWh than, for example, charging your mobile phone.

Silicon Valley Power (a municipal utility provider in California) breaks down energy use by appliance, basing energy use on a little over 11 cents per kWh and average conditions.11

Energy use by appliance

ApplianceEstimated energy usageEstimated energy cost
Central air conditioner3.0 kWh/hour$0.33/hour
Electric clothes dryer (light load vs. heavy load)2.5–4 kWh/load$0.28–$0.44/load
Washing machine (hot wash, warm rinse)6.3 kWh/load$0.69/load
Refrigerator (25 cu. ft., Energy Star rated)60.0 kWh/month$6.60/month
50″ LCD TV0.016 kWh/hour~$0.01/hour
DVR28.8 kWh/month$3.17/month
Hair dryer (10 minutes of use)0.25 kWh/use$0.03/use
Night light (4 watts on 12 hours/day)1.44 kWh/month$0.16/month
Central air conditioner
Electric clothes dryer (light load vs. heavy load)
Washing machine (hot wash, warm rinse)
Refrigerator (25 cu. ft., Energy Star rated)
50″ LCD TV
Hair dryer (10 minutes of use)
Night light (4 watts on 12 hours/day)
Estimated energy usage Estimated energy cost
3.0 kWh/hour $0.33/hour
2.5–4 kWh/load $0.28–$0.44/load
6.3 kWh/load $0.69/load
60.0 kWh/month $6.60/month
0.016 kWh/hour ~$0.01/hour
28.8 kWh/month $3.17/month
0.25 kWh/use $0.03/use
1.44 kWh/month $0.16/month

How to save on your average electric bill

The two fastest ways to trim your power bill are to invest in energy-efficient lightbulbs and unplug electronics and appliances when they’re not in use.

Replacing your old incandescent lightbulbs with energy-efficient alternatives can save you $75 per year,12 while unplugging your appliances and electronics when not in use can save you over $100 per year.13

Solar panels are another option that could save you money on your electric bill—between $2,000 and $4,000 on average. Use a site like Solar Power Authority to find solar companies in your area and compare prices from local solar panel installation experts.

Invest in energy-efficient lightbulbs and smart power strips.

The benefits of energy-efficient lightbulbs are pretty straightforward, but investing in a smart power strip can save you the hassle of unplugging individual electronics or appliances when not in use.

Top energy-efficient lightbulbs and power strips

ProductTenergy LED Lightbulbs (16 pack)Smalux Smart Surge Protector
Where to buyBuy on AmazonBuy on Amazon
Where to buy
Tenergy LED Lightbulbs (16 pack) Smalux Smart Surge Protector
Buy on Amazon Buy on Amazon

Natural gas: How much does it cost to keep warm?

Natural gas is used to warm your house, to keep the hot water running, and, in many instances, to cook. You typically pay the gas company to procure the natural gas and deliver it to your home.14

Reading your gas bill may feel like reading a science report, so let’s get down to the most important acronym, BTU. It’s short for British Thermal Unit, a unit of energy.

The average US household consumed 63 million BTUs of natural gas in 2016, costing $604 over the course of the year.15 Don’t let that number fool you though. Depending on where you live, you may end up paying a higher price for your natural gas.

Gas is more expensive in some states than others

If you live in Hawaii or South Carolina, chances are you’ll be paying more for gas than the rest of us. Residents of Montana, Utah, and Idaho, however, don’t pay nearly as much for their gas.

If you’re curious about where your state falls, here’s a chart of the average natural gas cost by state (the term “therm” on the chart equals 100,000 BTUs).

Your bill isn’t strictly based on BTUs, though. You may also see some other items on your gas bill—including taxes and fees. Check with your local provider for details in your state to see what’s included in your bill.

How to save on your gas bill

We understand that most people aren’t willing to move to Idaho just to save a few bucks on their gas bill, so we have a couple of other ideas to save.

Aside from fitting your home with one of the smart thermostats we recommended earlier, the best way to save on your gas bill is to regularly replace your furnace air filter and perform annual furnace maintenance.

A dirty air filter can slow down air flow through your furnace, causing it to work harder to heat your home. Neglecting annual maintenance can also cause key furnace components to operate inefficiently.

In the end, the harder your furnace has to work to do its job, the higher your gas bill will be at the end of the month.

Replace your furnace air filter at least once every three months

ENERGY STAR even recommends replacing your air filter monthly during the summer and winter seasons to ensure your furnace is running as efficiently as possible.16

It can be easy to forget when to replace your filter, however. That’s why a subscription service like FilterEasy or Amazon Subscribe & Save is the way to go. You simply select how many filters you need, specify their sizes, and set how often you’d like your filters delivered.

Best air filter subscription services

FilterEasyAmazon Subscribe & Save Air Filters
Where to buyTry for FreeBuy on Amazon
Where to buy
FilterEasy Amazon Subscribe & Save Air Filters
Try for Free Buy on Amazon

Water: What’s the cost of H2O?

The EPA estimates the average American family uses 300 gallons of water per day.17 To put that number into perspective, that’s enough water to fill a six-person hot tub.

How much does it cost to fill this hypothetical hot tub, you ask? According to the nonprofit organization Circle of Blue, it could cost you more than $50 per month (depending on where you live).18

The price of water is on the rise, too. In fact, it rose 41% between 2010 and 2015, and sewer prices and fees rose even more dramatically during that time.19

How to save on your water bill

To combat rising water costs, you simply have to use less water.

Turning off your faucet while brushing your teeth is certainly one way to cut back on your water usage. Water-efficient faucets and showerheads, on the other hand, can help you save water without a second thought.

Install low-flow showerheads and faucet aerators in your home

Conventional shower heads use between three and four gallons per minute.20 Depending on the low-flow shower head you purchase, some use as little as a gallon and a half of water per minute.

You can also purchase low-flow faucet aerators to decrease your water usage in each of the sinks in your home.

Best low-flow showerheads and faucet aerators

ProductNiagara Earth Massage Low-flow Shower HeadDelta H20kinetic Technology Shower HeadNiagara Low-flow Faucet Aerator
Where to buyBuy on AmazonBuy on AmazonBuy on Amazon
Where to buy
Niagara Earth Massage Low-flow Shower Head Delta H20kinetic Technology Shower Head Niagara Low-flow Faucet Aerator
Buy on Amazon Buy on Amazon Buy on Amazon

Cable TV and internet: What’s the price of screen time?

In the old days, “hooking up the TV” meant plugging it into the wall and adding a wire coat hanger as an antenna. Back then, television was essentially free.

Today, cable prices are all over the map and most are not regulated by the FCC.21 You can watch basic channels for free using a digital antenna, but the average cable bill is about $100 per month.22

The monthly cost of your internet will vary widely based on connection type and speed. Slow dial-up connections cost as little as $10 per month, but the fastest fiber optic connections can cost upward of $150 each month.23

How to save on your cable and internet bills

You can often bundle internet and cable into one bill, saving money on both utilities. If you’d rather not bunde your cable and internet, however, check with providers near you to see if there are any promotions you can take advantage of.

Shop around to find the best cable and internet deal for you

You’ll find a wide range of plans whether you choose DIRECTV, AT&T U-VerseDISH, or another TV service. Click through to see which best matches your cable and internet needs, and your budget.

Top satellite and cable TV providers

Service providerDIRECTTVAT&T U-Verse TVDISH Network
DIRECTVAT&T Plans and PricingDISH Pricing and Plans
Learn moreView PlansView PlansView Plans
Service provider
Learn more
DIRECTV AT&T Plans and Pricing DISH Pricing and Plans
View Plans View Plans View Plans

Mobile phone: How much does it cost to stay connected?

Your mobile phone and its ability to connect to towers and via Wi-Fi is the only “utility” you can take with you once you leave the house.

According to the Pew Research Center, 95% of American adults own a mobile phone.24 For most of us, that’s our only phone since fewer than half of US homes still have a landline.25

The major cellphone carriers are constantly changing their prices to compete with one another, but you can expect to pay anywhere from $120 per month to $240 for a family of four (depending on your plan and which carrier you choose).26

How to save on your cellphone bill

The best way to save money on your cellphone bill is to keep an eye on each mobile carrier’s promotions. You’ll often see promotions advertising discounted prices on phone plans (and even new smartphones) if you add an extra line to your plan or switch carriers.

If you aren’t concerned about using a lot of mobile data each month, a prepaid mobile plan may be for you. Prepaid plans are often less expensive than standard postpaid plans, and many of the major mobile carriers have prepaid plan options to choose from.

Garbage: What’s the price of collecting trash?

Americans generate about 4.4 pounds of trash every day and, lucky for you, your garbage bill—on average between $8 and $12 per month—ensures you don’t have to drive it to the waste station yourself.27

While recycling doesn’t typically show up as a line item on your garbage bill, Americans with curbside recycling are being charged between $3 and $5 per month for the service.28

Sometimes you’ll even see water, sewage, and trash all on one bill with one monthly fee.

How to save on your garbage bill

The best way to save on your monthly garbage bill is to create less garbage. Some cities and private collection services charge per bag, so the fewer bags you use, the less you pay.

If you need to pay a private company to collect your trash, be sure you’re getting the best deal. Shop around with your garbage collector’s competitors to see if you can find a better price elsewhere.

Do you have more ideas for saving on utilities?

Do you have any other suggestions about ways to save money on a particular utility? We’d love to hear them! Share your ideas in the comments below so our readers can benefit from your savings solutions, too.


1. Zillow, “Rules of Thumb for Estimating Apartment Utility Costs

2. American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity, “Energy Expenditures by American Families

3. US Department of Energy, “Energy Saver

4. US Department of Energy, “Energy Saver

5. Multifamily Executive, “Multifamily Rentals Continue to Drive Housing Market

6. American Enterprise Institute, “Today’s New Homes are 1,000 Square Feet Larger than in 1973

7. US Energy Information Administration, “Heating and Cooling No Longer Majority of US Home Energy Use

8. Nest, “Real Savings

9. US Energy Information Administration, “Electricity Data Browser—Average Retail Price of Electricity

10. US Energy Information Administration, “Electricity Data Browser—Average Retail Price of Electricity

11. Silicon Valley Power, “Appliance Energy Use Chart

12. US Department of Energy, “How Energy-Efficient Light Bulbs Compare with Traditional Incandescents

13. ENERGY STAR, “Energy Saving Tips

14. HouseLogic, “How to Read Your Gas Utility Bill”

15. American Gas Association, “2017 Gas Fact Sheet

16. ENERGY STAR, “Heat and Cool Efficiently

17. The United States Environmental Protection Agency, “How We Use Water

18. Circle Of Blue, “Water Pricing

19. Circle Of Blue, “Price Of Water 2015

20. Nebraska Energy Office, “Do Low-flow Shower Heads Really Save Money?

21. Federal Communications Commission, “Regulation of Cable TV Rates

22. NBC News, “Cable and Satellite TV Costs Will Climb Again in 2016

23. CostHelper, “Cost of Internet Access

24. Pew Research Center, “Mobile Fact Sheet

25. The Verge, “Most US Households Have Given Up Landlines for Cellphones

26. Consumer Reports, “Best Low-Cost Cell-Phone Plans

27. Curbside Recycling Indefinitely, Inc., “Why Do I Have to Pay for Curbside Recycling?

28. Curbside Recycling Indefinitely, Inc., “Why Do I Have to Pay for Curbside Recycling?

About Colin Holmes

Colin Holmes
Colin Holmes is no stranger to moving: he’s done so five times in the last five years, and he’s used his expertise to help over 185,000 readers plan their moves in the last year alone. As a former journalist and documentary interviewer, Colin brings a wealth of research experience to Move.org.
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  • Jeff Paxton

    Riddle me this .. how does one get through the thick skulled, ridiculous shit that a roommate says about paying high electric bills when you’ve had the discussion over and over about this ignoramus leaving wall heaters on in rooms they aren’t in and having a wall heater, a portable heater next to them AND the forced air/heating going at one time in the room they are in .. ?

    • Penny Pinching Ninja

      Haha, you may have to smash the portable heater over his head to get through the thickness of his skull!

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  • Emma

    Hey everyone, so I moved to a one bedroom and my roommate has an issue with my refrigerator in my room. When initially she had told me to bring it to not dispose of it. Now how much in electricity would me and my son have to pay ranging from the fridge in my room?

    • Sarah Mills

      That depends, I think, on size and age of fridge

  • Sarah Mills

    My boyfriend and I own a totally renovated one bedroom older mobile home. Originally, it was a 3 bedroom home that ended up needing serious help. We live in a trailer park and garbage, snow removal, grounds maintenance, and most of the sewer is included in the lot rent which is $350/mo. I say most of sewer because anything below ground is the park owner’s responsibility. Our water bill is based on usage. Starts at $15/mo for, I think, 3,000 gals or below. I’ll admit to not paying attention because we’ve always paid the minimum. Our electric bill runs $45/mo. We’ve done everything we think possible to keep our electric bills manageable. I will say that I think the size of the washing machine and dryers in the house matter. We have a laundry center that has a 120v plug. I only do laundry twice a week. The only thing I don’t do is hang laundry. There is really no way to put up a line outside and we have 4 large dogs that are mostly inside. We do dishes by hand because it’s only the two of us usually. We do not have a dishwasher, air conditioning, or any televisions. We don’t feel they are necessary in our little corner. Our stove is cooking gas. Between that and the grill, runs about $8.33/mo on regular bbq tanks. We, also, are very fond of our crock pots. For our heat, we use a wood stove with fuel oil as a backup. We also have a plug-in electric heater for the bathroom when I take showers. Less than 20 min use, long enough for me to get dressed. We usually use between 4-5 cords of wood per year. Usually runs about $800 to a grand at $200 per load. We usually only get one tank of fuel oil per year which is usually $500/yr. We got fuel oil early this year (end of August) because our fuel oil company owner is a good guy. Usually around end of August, beginning of September, I’ll call and ask him to set up a ticket for delivery whenever date. He keeps an eye on oil futures and usually delivers when prices are cheapest.

    • Sheldon Stueber


  • Jonathon Parker

    fat dogs

    • Jonathon Parker

      o ya

      • Jonathon Parker

        fudgo boy

        • Jonathon Parker

          cool guy

          • Jonathon Parker

            ya man

          • Jonathon Parker

            old man

  • Jonathon Parker

    eat a lot of food

  • Sheldon Stueber

    u fat dog

  • Guy

    Shower in the bathroom of a fast food restaurant. That’s one way to lower the water bill.
    Get a little fire pit for your home and save on electricity after hours.

  • Random_leelee

    cable is old news just watch netflix or hulu or amazon movies or youtube